JRC Publications

This is a list of the latest JRC Public Documents.

JRC response to Ofcom Review of spectrum fees (Fixed links and Satellite Services)

This is an initial consultation on a review of spectrum fees for all authorisations for fixed links and satellite services. The starting point for the fees proposals is a report commissioned from Plum Consulting that addresses a range of issues including estimates of opportunity cost for fees based on Administered Incentive Pricing (AIP). This consultation does not propose new fees levels, but seeks stakeholders’ views on the opinions expressed by Plum in its report, etc.
JRC notes that the proposed 1.4 GHz band fees may be 4 x the current fees.
JRC is concerned that Plum’s analysis concentrates solely on economic values, discounting socio-economic value. Table 3-1 illustrates that the lower frequency bands are of greater importance from a socio-economic viewpoint than higher frequencies due to the predominance of public safety and utilities at the lower frequency end of the scale.

JRC response to the Wireless Telegraphy (Licence Charges) (Amendment) Regulations 2015 proposal

The document consulted on proposals to change the current licence fees for some Wireless Telegraphy Act products. This was part of the fourth phase of an increase in fees for aeronautical licences, announced in June 2011. The proposed regulations will also introduce fees for high duty cycle network relay points, which connect individual devices together and to connect them to networks. Furthermore, the proposals set out to make some minor modifications to the definitions used in relation to fixed link and business radio licence fees.
JRC is pleased that High Duty Cycle Network Relay Points licences have been made available because this spectrum may be suitable for applications including Smart Meters.
JRC is also pleased that additional 400 MHz UHF spectrum is being made available to Business Radio users because this spectrum may be suitable for resilient machine to machine (RM2M) Utility Operations systems, e.g. Smart Grids.
JRC identified a potential knock-on issue if UHF Band I and UHF Band II become referred to as the UHF Band within the licensing process. See the response for more details.

JRC Response to Ofcom Strategic Review of UHF spectrum 420-470 MHz.

In December 2014 Ofcom launched a strategic review of spectrum in the band 420-470 MHz. This band is of great importance to JRC members as they operate a large range of services in these bands, and have many emerging needs which cannot yet be fulfilled as there is no further spectrum available. JRC's response is that interference into the band from mainland Europe is not sufficently serious to justify wholesale realignment of the band. JRC members require access to more spectrum immediately to make their utility networks more intelligent. This may be possible if goverment users allow their spare capacity to be shared with commercial users.

JRC Response to the Notice of proposals to make The Wireless Telegraphy (Control of Interference from Apparatus) Regulations 2015

Ofcom proposes to make regulations under section 54(1) of the Wireless Telegraphy Act 2006 prescribing a requirement that is imposed on the use of apparatus after it has already been placed on the market or put into service and has reached the end-user.
This JRC Response highlights, inter alia, that the Proposed Regulations may not meet Ofcom's intentions.

JRC Response to the Ofcom consultation on the Variation of the Spectrum Access Licence for 1452-1492 MHz

JRC does not agree with the technical analysis prepared by Qualcomm. Also, if a guard band is needed to protect services in the adjacent bands from interference caused by the change of use of the ‘Qualcomm’ band’, then the guard band must be contained with the band where the new service resides, not carved out of adjacent bands. ...

Equipment Buyers' Information Sheet

JRC is receiving an increasing number of enquiries regarding radio equipment that has been purchased and is subsequently found to be either un-licensable in the UK and / or does not operate to the specification for which it was bought.
JRC therefore offers the following advice. Before considering purchasing equipment, ensure that it: ...

JRC Response to Ofcom consultation on WRC-15

The 1.4 GHz fixed link UHF band (1350-1375 MHz paired with 1492 -1517 MHz) is a valuable asset used by most UK electricity companies for operational communications. It should be protected against surrender to mobile data services unless an equivalent band can be made available in a similar frequency band. In setting the Agenda for WRC18, identifying suitable spectrum for utilities’ operational communications should be included.

JRC Response to UK Digital Communications Infrastructure Strategy

The government strategy aims to ensure that the UK builds on its strong digital foundations to benefit from world class communication networks to support economic growth and wider social benefits. At the same time, the Digital Taskforce wishes to identify any issues that might affect the development and deployment of digital infrastructure and consider how these can be addressed. JRC points out that without reliable electricity supplies, the most advanced digital communications network in the world is worthless.

Promoting Innovation and Investment in the IoT

JRC's response to Ofcom's document "Promoting Innovation and Investment in the IoT" highlights that utilities have for over half a century used machine-to-machine communications, but the security, resilience and latency requirements are far more stringent than the newly recognised M2M category. The growth of intelligent utility networks will result in the need for much more M2M communication which will almost certainly require dedicated networks and spectrum if the integrity of the operations of these critical networks is not to be compromised.

The Socio-economic value of spectrum in providing utility services to support their operations

In 2011, JRC conducted a socio-economic study of the use of radio spectrum in supporting utility operations . The report examined the economic value and the additional value to society of incorporating advanced telecommunications into a previously largely passive grid. The “additional value to society” refers to a number of non-marketable benefits which, although not creating wealth, are valued by society. The report concluded that the socio-economic value of a reliable electricity supply is at least 50-150 times the retail price of the electricity supplied.
The original report was based largely on historic data covering a period of some 35 years during which time western societies have become increasingly dependent on a reliable supply of electricity to support their standard of living. This new report follows up the previous work and applies further analysis, looking at the value of spectrum use to customers, utilities and society as a whole using more recent data.